The seventh installment of Datapoints’ Research Spotlight series features a paper co-authored by Wharton Real Estate faculty member Sophie Calder-Wang. Published in the Journal of Finance Economics 142, “And the children shall lead: Gender diversity and performance in venture capital” uses data related to the gender of venture capital partners’ children to analyze what promotes gender diversity in hiring and whether a diverse workforce leads to better firm performance and investment returns.
The authors used Preqin to retrieve data on funds raised and fund returns for a portion of the firms in their sample. Preqin provides comprehensive coverage of the private equity industry, including information on various types of investments—buyouts, venture capital, distressed investing, mezzanine, etc.—as well as fund performance, fundraising, fund managers, and more.
World Tariff Profiles is an annual publication jointly published by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Trade Centre (ITC), and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Available in English, French, and Spanish, this publication includes data on tariffs and non-tariff measures imposed by WTO members and other economies worldwide. More than 170 countries and customs territories are represented. Each volume also features a special topic. Recent topics include “Non-Tariff Measures: Estimating Analytical Indicators Using UNCTAD’s Trade Analysis Information Systems (TRAINS)” (2021), “Market Access for Medical Goods and COVID-19 Medical Supplies” (2020), and “Aligning Trade and Tariff Policies with Sustainable Development” (2019).
Each profile includes tariffs imposed by each economy on its imports, plus analysis of market access conditions faced by the economy regarding its major markets for exports. Tables are standardized, simplifying comparisons between countries/customs territories or between sectors. This standardization also enables comparison between bound and applied tariffs for WTO members.
World Tariff Profiles includes five main sections:
Summary Tables – summary tariff and trade statistics for all countries and territories for all products, plus a breakdown into agricultural and non-agricultural products. When applicable, calculations are based on a pre-aggregation to Harmonized System (HS) six-digit subheadings, resulting in standardization across countries and territories, increasing compatibility of comparisons across countries/territories.
Country/Territory Tariff Profiles – a page devoted to each country/territory, with statistics disaggregated by sector and duty range. In addition, this section includes information about market access conditions the country/territory faces in major export markets.
Non-Tariff Measures – statistics on select policy measures that have become increasingly important in international trade
Special Topic – unique to each edition; includes relevant statistics and analysis. Here is a table from the 2021 Special Topic document regarding non-tariff measures (NTMs):
Annexes – data sources and frequently asked questions
Access World Tariff Profiles from 2013 to present in the WTO iLibrary through the Franklin catalog.