Research Spotlight: Gender Diversity and Performance in Venture Capital

The seventh installment of Datapoints’ Research Spotlight series features a paper co-authored by Wharton Real Estate faculty member Sophie Calder-Wang. Published in the Journal of Finance Economics 142, “And the children shall lead: Gender diversity and performance in venture capital” uses data related to the gender of venture capital partners’ children to analyze what promotes gender diversity in hiring and whether a diverse workforce leads to better firm performance and investment returns. 

The authors used Preqin to retrieve data on funds raised and fund returns for a portion of the firms in their sample. Preqin provides comprehensive coverage of the private equity industry, including information on various types of investments—buyouts, venture capital, distressed investing, mezzanine, etc.—as well as fund performance, fundraising, fund managers, and more. 

For more information on using Preqin, please contact a Lippincott Librarian

World Tariff Profiles

World Tariff Profiles is an annual publication jointly published by the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Trade Centre (ITC), and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Available in English, French, and Spanish, this publication includes data on tariffs and non-tariff measures imposed by WTO members and other economies worldwide. More than 170 countries and customs territories are represented. Each volume also features a special topic. Recent topics include “Non-Tariff Measures: Estimating Analytical Indicators Using UNCTAD’s Trade Analysis Information Systems (TRAINS)” (2021), “Market Access for Medical Goods and COVID-19 Medical Supplies” (2020), and “Aligning Trade and Tariff Policies with Sustainable Development” (2019).

Each profile includes tariffs imposed by each economy on its imports, plus analysis of market access conditions faced by the economy regarding its major markets for exports. Tables are standardized, simplifying comparisons between countries/customs territories or between sectors. This standardization also enables comparison between bound and applied tariffs for WTO members.

World Tariff Profiles includes five main sections:

Summary Tables – summary tariff and trade statistics for all countries and territories for all products, plus a breakdown into agricultural and non-agricultural products. When applicable, calculations are based on a pre-aggregation to Harmonized System (HS) six-digit subheadings, resulting in standardization across countries and territories, increasing compatibility of comparisons across countries/territories.

All Products summary table snippet-  left side of table
All Products summary snippet - right side of table

Imports and Exports Profile summary table snippet-  left side of table
Imports and Exports Profile summary table snippet - right side of table

Country/Territory Tariff Profiles – a page devoted to each country/territory, with statistics disaggregated by sector and duty range. In addition, this section includes information about market access conditions the country/territory faces in major export markets.

Country Tariff Profile for Democratic Republic of the Congo

Non-Tariff Measures – statistics on select policy measures that have become increasingly important in international trade

Non-Tariff Measures table snippet- left side of table
Non-Tariff Measures table snippet- right side of table

Special Topic – unique to each edition; includes relevant statistics and analysis. Here is a table from the 2021 Special Topic document regarding non-tariff measures (NTMs):

Sample table from 2021 Special Topic regarding Non-Tariff Measures

Annexes – data sources and frequently asked questions

Data availability table snippet from Annex section
Sample of Frequently Asked Questions in Annex section

Access World Tariff Profiles from 2013 to present in the WTO iLibrary through the Franklin catalog.

Detailed, customizable tariff data can be viewed and downloaded from the WTO iLibrary and WTO website.

For additional assistance with tariff research, please contact a Lippincott Librarian.

Diversity in the Workplace

Screen shot of a conference board report entitles The Evolving Role of the DEI Leader.  Show a picture of a diverse group of people sitting at a table.

Looking for materials on Diversity in the Workplace?  The Lippincott Library has you covered.

Using Franklin, the library catalog, it is easy to find books and other materials on this topic. 

Search by keyword for organizational change and diversity in the Franklin catalog.
Franklin Search

A simple search in the Catalog for diversity and organizational change returns hundreds of titles.  Use the filters on the left of the screen to limit your search. You can limit by location (Lippincott Library), Subject (organizational change) and Publication Date (latest 10 years)

Finally, bookmark the titles of interest and then email these titles to yourself.   

The Conference Board provides reports, case studies and webcasts. Click on Centers and select the Human Capital Center. Further refine your results by selecting Diversity, Equity and Inclusion.

A screen shot of The Conference Board database highlighting the Human Capital Center and the link to Diversity, Equity and Inclusion resources.

Sage Business Cases provides case studies on a variety of topics including diversity. From the Discipline tab, select General Business and Management. From the Discipline tab on the left and open Human Resource Management and select Diversity, Equality and Inclusion. Next click on Apply Filters at the bottom left of the screen.

Use the filters on the left to limit results. Under Disciplines, unselect All and then expand Business & Management. Click on Human Resource Management. At the top of the screen sort by Most Recent to pull up more current cases.

Image of sample titles from Sage Business Cases on Diversity

For articles use ABI-Inform. Use a keyword search such as organizational behavior and workplace diversity. Like Franklin, there are filters on the left of the screen to help focus your search. In this case I limited to scholarly journals, subject terms and a date range. Keywords are highlighted in the results list to help with identifying relevant articles. You can select titles by using the check box nest to the title and save them to view later.

A keyword search in ABI Inform searching for organizational behavior and workplace diversity.  Select filters are highlighted on the left of the screen.

These databases are a few of the library resources to search for content on your topic. Contact me for further suggestions!

Untangling the (Supply) Chains: Part 2

Untangling the (Supply) Chains: Part 1” covered popular databases for supply chain information. In Part 2, we highlight resources containing reports useful for supply chain research.


The IBISWorld database is a popular resource for U.S., China, and global industry reports. Each Industry and Specialized Industry report on the IBISWorld platform includes a visual, interactive supply chain – click a buyer or supplier hyperlink on the supply chain to access a report for that industry.

Supply chain visual from IBISWorld's Solar Power in the U.S. report

The Products & Markets section of the report delves deeper into the industry supply chain, focusing on products and services, demand determinants, major markets, and international trade.


Also from IBISWorld, ProcurementIQ features U.S.-focused procurement research reports covering more than 1,000 indirect products and services, designed to help business professionals make purchasing decisions. Coverage ranges from apparel and personal care products to travel, food, lodging, and entertainment services. Use these reports to evaluate the supply market, identify suppliers, and assess supply chain risk.

ProcurementIQ Telehealth Services report's Supply Chain & Vendors menu


EMIS features country and global industry and market research reports, many of which include supply chain analysis. For example, a recent report on the global hand sanitizer market from provider Arizton includes an overview, detailed analysis, disruptions, and risk to the supply chain as well as discussion about ingredient suppliers, accompanied by visuals:

Raw material supply overview from Arizton's global hand sanitizer market research report
Supply chain analysis visual from Arizton's global hand sanitizer market research report

Fitch Solutions

Presented on the FitchConnect platform, this database contains country risk and industry research, Fitch Ratings data and research, fundamental data and analytics, and more. Included are Fitch Ratings articles focused on supply chains in various sectors, Country Operational Risk reports analyzing national and industry supply chain conditions, and special reports.

screenshot of sample headline from Fitch Ratings report regarding supply chain
screenshot of Fitch Solutions November 2020 Special Report titled "The Future of Supply Chains: Regionalisation, Not Globalisation"

Having access to supply chain data and reports makes it easy to become a supply chain expert, but Lippincott Librarians are also available to help whenever needed!


Untangling the (Supply) Chains: Part 1

From a business perspective, the global pandemic has exposed shortcomings in supply chains within and across industries throughout the world. Supply chain research reveals gaps that equate to opportunities for interested businesses. Lippincott Library offers several resources for supply chain research, each with unique features.

Capital IQ

Remotely accessible to full-time MBA students through the MBA Career Management portal and to all others through Penn Libraries, Capital IQ features current and historical business customer and supplier information for companies and their subsidiaries. Details include customer/supplier name, relationship type, primary industry, and link to the information source.

  • Search by company name to retrieve a Company Profile
  • In the left-side menu, navigate to Business Relationships and select Customers or Suppliers

Here is a partial list of Tesla’s Recently Disclosed Suppliers from Capital IQ:

Capital IQ screenshot of Tesla's Recently Disclosed Suppliers


Visit Lippincott Library to access FactSet, a powerful financial and economic database that includes current supply chain information provided by Revere. Covering more than 150,000 relationships, this data provides insight into company supply chains, key customers, suppliers, competitors, and strategic partners. Annual review based on SEC filings keeps this information updated.

FactSet Revere Supply Chain Relationships data is also available on the Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS) platform. This data covers more than 25,000 publicly traded companies around the world and select subsidiaries, representing more than 144,000 business relationships, with historical data back to 2003.


Panjiva is a global supply chain intelligence database containing eight million companies and more than one billion shipment records, with more than 200 countries represented. Included transactional and macro data cover 35% and 95% of global trade flows, respectively. Information is sourced from bill of lading shipment records from U.S Customs and Border Protection, credit information providers, compliance organizations, trade associations, and more. Current and historical information is available.

Search for a company or product name and filter to buyers, suppliers, or shipments, or search product trends. Buyer and Supplier profiles feature top products, countries, shipment records, trading partners, ports and carriers, where applicable, and an Activity Feed featuring new supply chain activity. Corporate hierarchy and contact information are also provided.

To create a Trend report, select a country/region, trade direction (import or export), and a product’s Harmonized System (HS) code.

Panjiva Trends Report header: HS Code 9560.70.40.00
Panjiva Trends Report: Top Global Suppliers for HS Code 9560.70.40.00

Use the Macro tool to analyze trade flows of products between countries. Panjiva Macro data is sourced from UN Comtrade, which obtains the data from each country’s government.


Bloomberg makes it possible to analyze current and historical supply chain relationships for approximately 23,000 public companies and 96,000 private companies worldwide, representing 900,000 global supply chain relationships. 

Data come from public sources including company reports, conference call transcripts, and regulatory filings, as well as customers and suppliers. This bi-directional data and estimates from industry analysts quantify company exposures from both production and demand sides of the supply chain. The resulting 200,000 quantified supplier-customer relationships include both revenue and cost percentages and links to company filings.

Use the function SPLC to access and analyze supply chain data on the Bloomberg Terminal. Below is an analysis of absolute projected sales growth for companies in Ford Motor Company’s supply chain:

screenshot of Bloomberg's supply chain analysis of Ford Motor Company reflecting absolute projected sales growth percentages

For additional recommendations, refer to our Business FAQ “Where can I find information on a company’s supply chain management?” or contact a Lippincott Librarian.

Stay tuned for Part 2 of this post highlighting reports useful for supply chain research.

R Craft: Read CSV, RDA, and other Supported Data Files with R

You downloaded data files, or maybe you compiled them yourself. How will you get those data into R?

R software logo

R offers built-in functions that let you access either delimited (where a certain character separates values) or fixed-width (where each column uses a certain number of characters) files. Like other popular statistical packages, R even supports its own data file format. Let’s explore some frequently-used functions.

Continue reading

On the Case with Sage Business Cases

Case studies are a tried-and-true part of business school curricula. They tell stories about how companies and individuals respond to business opportunities and challenges. The story-telling aspect of these tools is represented in the titles of several cases available in Sage Business Cases, a resource that hosts them. There are many “tales” told, such as: “A tale of two properties: debt strategies for financing commercial real estate,” “Sara Lee: a tale of another turnaround,” and the slightly less traditional “Leading from the margins: Paulina in Shakespeare’s A winter’s tale.”


The Sage Business Cases platform includes not only original cases produced by Sage, known as Sage Originals, but also cases from several content partners including the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University, the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley, Yale School of Management and several international providers. A complete list of contributors is available here

You can choose to search across the platform or browse by categories like discipline and region. There are a broad range of disciplines covered, from standards like accounting, finance, strategic management and entrepreneurship, to more specialized areas like crisis management and negotiation.  

The Advanced Search option is available at the top of each page on the platform. It allows you to build a more sophisticated search by looking within certain fields, e.g. title, abstract, as well as providing an option to limit results by the number of words in the case to find more in-depth cases. One thing to be aware of when using the Advanced Search is that it defaults to searching across the entire Sage platform, so you will need to select Cases under Content Types to limit to cases.


Express Cases are a subset of Sage Originals designed to provide a bridge between news events and academic business concepts and theories. They are released in several batches each year in order to capitalize on current events and allow instructors to easily bring those discussions into the classroom. 

On the other side of the spectrum are Enhanced Cases, which include data sets or video content. Enhanced Cases may also include teaching notes or other supplementary teaching materials. Faculty members should contact or their department’s librarian to request access to teaching support materials.  

Cases are also indexed in Franklin, so they will also show up in the regular results list, along with books, videos and other types of content. While they aren’t books, they are categorized as such in Franklin. As shown in the screenshot below, you’ll be able to easily connect directly to the full-text of the desired case by using the Connect to full text link. 


Research Spotlight: Do Risk Disclosures Matter When It Counts? Evidence from the Swiss Franc Shock

Datapoints’ Research Spotlight series returns to highlight a paper co-authored by Wharton Accounting faculty member Luzi Hail. Published in the Journal of Accounting Research 59 (1), “Do Risk Disclosures Matter When It Counts? Evidence from the Swiss Franc Shock” uses the 2015 decision by the Swiss National Bank to abandon the minimum euro-Swiss franc exchange rate to examine how the quality of previous risk disclosures enables investors to more knowledgably process and interpret new information. 

The authors used Bloomberg to extract minute-by-minute intraday spread data from 237 publicly traded firms with a primary listing in Switzerland. They were also able to narrow the list to firms that were constituents of the SSIP at the end of 2014. Bloomberg is the definitive source of information for security pricing, indicative and fundamental data, customized analytics and business news. 

For more information on using Bloomberg, please contact a Lippincott Librarian.  

SAGE Video: Business and Management Collection

Feel like you’ve watched everything there is to watch on Netflix? The Lippincott Library is here to help. Find hundreds of educational business videos available in our newly acquired collection – SAGE Video: Business & Management

The SAGE Video home screen, with text that reads "Watch cutting-edge streaming video that supports teaching, learning and research at all levels."

The videos in SAGE’s Business & Management collection cover a wide range of topics, including entrepreneurship, marketing, and management skills. You’ll find interviews with experts, case studies, tutorials, and conference presentations in the collection, which includes over 500 videos (totaling more than 140 hours!). Intended to support students at all levels, the length and focus of the videos vary widely, from 2-minute explanations of essential business concepts to longer, in-depth lectures and discussions. 

Each video is accompanied by a searchable transcript, which can be downloaded and viewed as a PDF. Each video is also labelled with full citation information for easy reference. SAGE Video allows users to create custom video clips and to embed videos (for example, on a course Canvas site).  

To navigate to the Business & Management video collection from anywhere in SAGE Knowledge, use the Collections menu to access SAGE Video, then select the Business & Management discipline; you can browse all Business & Management videos, or further refine by sub-discipline. You can also search within the collection using SAGE’s standard search bar – simply select “Search Videos” and enter your search terms. Happy viewing!